|1.||Not having will or the power of choice.|
|2.||Not under the influence or control of the will; not voluntary; |
|3.||Not proceeding from choice; done unwillingly; reluctant; compulsory; |
|Adj.||1.||involuntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy|
voluntary - of your own free will or design; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
|2.||involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"|
voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"
INVOLUNTARY. An involuntary act is that which is performed with constraint, (q. v.) or with repugnance, or without the will to do it. An action is involuntary then, which is performed under duress. Wolff, Sec. 5. Vide Duress.at odds, averse, binding, blind, casual, compulsive, compulsory, conditioned, cursory, dictated, differing, disagreeing, disinclined, disobedient, forced, fractious, gut, ill-advised, ill-considered, ill-devised, imperative, impulsive, inadvertent, indeliberate, indisposed, indocile, inevitable, inherent, innate, instinctive, instinctual, libidinal, mandatory, mechanical, mutinous, natural, necessary, obligatory, opposed, perfunctory, recalcitrant, reflexive, refractory, required, resistant, snap, spontaneous, subliminal, sulky, sullen, unadvised, uncalculated, unconscious, unconsenting, unconsidered, uncontrollable, undeliberate, undeliberated, undesigned, unguarded, unguided, unintended, unintentional, unlearned, unmeant, unmeditated, unplanned, unpremeditated, unprompted, unpurposed, unstudied, unthinking, unthought-of, unwilled, unwilling, unwitting