Pronunciation: bās
a.1.Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs.
2.Low in place or position.
3.Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean.
4.Illegitimate by birth; bastard.
Why bastard? wherefore base?
- Shak.
5.Of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals.
6.Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion.
7.Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations.
8.Not classical or correct.
9.Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin.
10.(Law) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant.
Base fee
formerly, an estate held at the will of the lord; now, a qualified fee. See note under Fee, n., 4.
Base metal
See under Metal.
n.1.The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue.
2.Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.
3.(Arch.) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented.
4.(Bot.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.
5.(Chem.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; - applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
6.(Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound.
7.(Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant.
8.(Fort.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions.
9.(Geom.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand.
10.(Math.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.
11.(Mus.) A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base.
12.(Mil.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.
13.(Mil.) The smallest kind of cannon.
14.(Zool.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.
15.(Crystallog.) The basal plane of a crystal.
16.(Geol.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline.
17.(Her.) The lower part of the field. See Escutcheon.
18.The housing of a horse.
19.A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
20.The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
21.An apron.
22.The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games.
To their appointed base they went.
- Dryden.
23.(Surv.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
24.A rustic play; - called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.
25.(Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.
Altern base
See under Altern.
Attic base
(Arch.) See under Attic.
Base course
a - (Arch.) The first or lower course of a foundation wall, made of large stones or a mass of concrete; - called also foundation course. (b) The architectural member forming the transition between the basement and the wall above.
Base hit
(Baseball) a hit, by which the batsman, without any error on the part of his opponents, is able to reach the first base without being put out.
Base line
a - A main line taken as a base, as in surveying or in military operations.
b - A line traced round a cannon at the rear of the vent.
Base plate
the foundation plate of heavy machinery, as of the steam engine; the bed plate.
Base ring
(Ordnance) a projecting band of metal around the breech, connected with the body of the gun by a concave molding.
- H. L. Scott.
v. t.1.To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; - used with on or upon.
[imp. & p. p. Based (bāsd); p. pr. & vb. n. Basing.]
1.To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower.
If any . . . based his pike.
- Sir T. North.
2.To reduce the value of; to debase.
Metals which we can not base.
- Bacon.
Noun1.base - any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
Synonyms: alkali
2.base - installation from which a military force initiates operations; "the attack wiped out our forward bases"
3.base - lowest support of a structure; "it was built on a base of solid rock"; "he stood at the foot of the tower"
4.base - place that runner must touch before scoring; "he scrambled to get back to the bag"
Synonyms: bag
5.base - (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; "10 is the radix of the decimal system"
Synonyms: radix
6.base - the bottom or lowest part; "the base of the mountain"
7.base - (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; "the base of the skull"
8.base - a lower limit; "the government established a wage floor"
Synonyms: floor
9.base - the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"
10.Basebase - a support or foundation; "the base of the lamp"
Synonyms: pedestal, stand
11.base - the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; "the base of the triangle"
12.base - the most important or necessary part of something; "the basis of this drink is orange juice"
Synonyms: basis
13.base - the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
Synonyms: home
14.Base - an intensely anti-western terrorist network that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist group; has cells in more than 50 countries
15.base - (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem"
16.base - the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area; "the industrial base of Japan"
Synonyms: infrastructure
17.base - the principal ingredient of a mixture; "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"; "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"; "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"
18.base - a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; "a tub should sit on its own base"
19.base - (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector
Verb1.base - use as a basis for; found on; "base a claim on some observation"
Synonyms: found, establish, ground
2.base - use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
Synonyms: free-base
3.base - assign to a station
Synonyms: station, post, send, place
Adj.1.base - serving as or forming a base; "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"
Synonyms: basal
2.base - (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; "base coins of aluminum"; "a base metal"
3.base - of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense); "baseborn wretches with dirty faces"; "of humble (or lowly) birth"
Synonyms: baseborn, humble, lowly
4.base - not adhering to ethical or moral principles; "base and unpatriotic motives"; "a base, degrading way of life"; "cheating is dishonorable"; "they considered colonialism immoral"; "unethical practices in handling public funds"
5.base - having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke; "taking a mean advantage"; "chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare; "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"
Synonyms: meanspirited, mean
6.base - illegitimate
Synonyms: baseborn
7.base - debased; not genuine; "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"

BASE. Something low; inferior. This word is frequently used in composition; as base court, base estate, base fee, &c.

(mathematics)base - radix.
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Translate Base to Spanish, Translate Base to German, Translate Base to French
basal metabolism
basal placentation
Basal plane
basal rate
basal vein
Bascule bridge
-- Base --
base 64
base class
Base course
Base court
Base estate
Base fee
base hit
Base line
base memory
Base metal
base of operations
base on balls
base pair
Base plate
base price
base rate
Definitions Index: # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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