VIS MAJOR, a superior force. In law it signifies inevitable accident.
act of God
2. This term is used in the civil law in nearly the same same way that
the words act of God, (q.v.) are used in the common law. Generally, no one
is responsible for an accident which arises from the vis major; but a man
may be so where he has stipulated that he would; and when he has been guilty
of a fraud or deceit. 2 Kent, Com. 448; Poth. Pret a Usage, n. 48, n. 60
Story Bailm. Sec. 25.
, force majeure
, inevitable accident
, unavoidable casualty