|(operating system)||Windows NT - (Windows New Technology, NT) Microsoft's
32-bit operating system developed from what was originally
intended to be OS/2 3.0 before Microsoft and IBM ceased
joint development of OS/2. NT was designed for high end
workstations (Windows NT 3.1), servers (Windows NT 3.1
Advanced Server), and corporate networks (NT 4.0 Enterprise
Server). The first release was Windows NT 3.1.|
Unlike Windows 3.1, which was a graphical environment that ran on top of MS-DOS, Windows NT is a complete operating system. To the user it looks like Windows 3.1, but it has true multi-threading, built in networking, security, and memory protection.
It is based on a microkernel, with 32-bit addressing for up to 4Gb of RAM, virtualised hardware access to fully protect applications, installable file systems, such as FAT, HPFS and NTFS, built-in networking, multi-processor support, and C2 security.
NT is also designed to be hardware independent. Once the machine specific part - the Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) - has been ported to a particular machine, the rest of the operating system should theorertically compile without alteration. A version of NT for DEC's Alpha machines was planned (September 1993).
NT needs a fast 386 or equivalent, at least 12MB of RAM (preferably 16MB) and at least 75MB of free disk space.
NT 4.0 was followed by Windows 2000.
Usenet newsgroups: news:comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup, news:comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc.