|(character)||CJK - In internationalisation, a collective term for
Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.|
These languages all share the fact that their writing systems are based partly on Han characters (i.e., "hanzi" or "kanji"), which are complex enough of a system to require 16-bit character encodings. CJK character encodings should consist minimally of Han characters plus language-specific phonetic scripts such as pinyin, bopomofo, hiragana, hangul, etc.
CJKV is CJK plus Vietnamese.